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How to get a licensed gun in Zimbabwe

by Mandla Ndlovu
26 May 2020 at 18:25hrs | Views
Zimbabwe has, of late, been inundated with reports of criminals as the economy continues on a nose dive and people try to find alternative means of survival.

Most people, small businesspersons, are in need of firearms to protect their businesses but they do not know the procedure of getting one.

The purchase, possession, manufacture and sale of firearms and ammunition in Zimbabwe are regulated by the Firearms Act of 1957. This Act states that civilians who wish to legally own firearms are required to submit an application for a firearm certificate.

Below we publish a ZRP requirements towards getting a fire a licensed firearm.

The Central Firearms Registry is a national institution situated at Criminal Investigation Department Headquarters situated at corner 9th Avenue and Josiah Chinamano, Harare, at grid reference 311182.The Section was established after the promulgation of the Firearms Act in 1957. The registration of firearms was centralized in March 1979. The section is mandated with the duty to register all firearms in Zimbabwe except those owned by the State.

Types of firearms that can be registered by private individuals:

1.    Rifles: All non full automatic rifles (semi and non automatic only)
2.    Shot guns:All types
3.    And guns:All non full automatic rifles only (semi and non automatic only)
4.    Air rifles:All above 1.77mm calibre.

Licencing Authority

The Licencing Authority for firearm is the Zimbabwe Republic Police.

Controller of Firearms

Controller of Firearms is a Police Officer appointed in terms of Section thirty eight (38) of the Firearms Act Chapter 10:09 by the Commissioner General of Police. The current situation is that the Director Criminal Investigation Department is the Controller but he has delegated this to the Deputy Director Criminal Intelligence Unit, Records and Technical Services who an Assistant Commissioner.

Requirement for registration of firearms

Section 5(2) of the Firearms Act Chapter 10:09 states that "the firearm certificate shall be granted by the controller if he is satisfied that the applicant has a good reason for purchasing, acquiring or having in his possession the firearm or ammunition in respect of which the application is made and can be permitted to have in his possession that firearm or ammunition without danger to public safety or to the peace".   This therefore means the Controller can discretionally change these requirements from time to time.

Major issues that are considered are:-

a.    Character of applicant:This is done through fingerprint vetting and support from local police.
b.    Security of the weapon:Before submitting the application, police have to visit applicant's place of residence and physically inspect his/her gun cabinet, strong room, armory or safe. Other requirements depend on the intended purpose as stipulated below:-

Crop/livestock protection

1.    Support letter from local police
2.    Support letter from either AREX/ Dept of Parks and Wildlife/Local Authority
3.    Proof of land ownership i.e. land offer letter/title deeds or letter from local councilor/headman.

Target shooting/gun club sport

1.    Support letter from an official from the gun club.
2.    Support letter from local police


i.    A letter by the person on whose land applicant is authorized to hunt
ii.    Support letter from a Senior National Parks Officer

Protection of cash in transit (Individual)

i.    Current Bank Statement.
ii.    Support letter from the Bank Manager
iii.    Supporting letter from Officer In Charge /Officer Commanding District and Officer Commanding Province
iv.    Source of funds.

Protection of cash in transit (companies)

i.    Current bank statement and support letter from Bank Manager
ii.    Certificate of Incorporation
iii.    CR 14
iv.    Letter of appointment from the company director authorizing applicant to stand in for the company.

Home Protection

i.    Letter of support from Officer In Charge /Officer Commanding District and Officer
ii.    Title deeds for the house/lease agreement

These requirements are also a necessity when applying for importation of firearms and when renewing expired licenses.

A firearm certificate is valid for three (3) years calculated from the first day on the month in which it was issued, thereafter renewals will be done.

Source - ZRP