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A Guide on cross-chain technology that will help you comprehend it

by Staff Writer
16 Sep 2021 at 13:53hrs | Views
As more businesses, large organizations, and startups use blockchain technology; they realize that no blockchain protocol exists or functions to its full potential under complete anonymity. Interoperability - the capacity to quickly move information and data between any blockchain - is also required in blockchain ecosystems. By creating and deploying interoperable blockchain systems, cross-chain technology aims to increase blockchain interactions.

1. Importance Of Cross-Chain Technology
People are watching the emergence of new sorts of blockchain protocols as the blockchain industry grows, each with its approach, new consensus protocols, and an entirely new set of capacities to host various applications. Despite this, they are all growing simultaneously and cannot scale to the next level since the blockchain's fundamental architecture requires them to function in silos. That results in distinct ecosystems that are unable to communicate with one another. Technology like cross-chain integration is essential because it has the potential to make Blockchain interoperability easier.

2. How Cross-Chain Technology Works
There is no one-size-fits-all method to using cross-chain technologies. To allow transactions across various blockchains without third parties or centralized solutions, several networks may utilize different techniques for blockchain interoperability. Some ways to cross-chain communication are listed below.

Atomic Swaps:
Because two chains do not interact, atomic swaps are not an actual type of cross-chain communication. However, the method allows users to orchestrate transactions across chains, allowing for direct peer-to-peer trade of one cryptocurrency for another.

Stateless SPVs: It allows an intelligent contract with enough sophistication to validate a portion of Proof of Work history. Because stateless SPVs are very cheap, you may customize them to a wide range of use cases.

Relays: Relays enable an intelligent contract on one chain to validate events that have occurred on other chains. An on-demand relay may validate a chain's complete history as well as particular headers. The relay technique makes trade-offs between the relay's security and its operational cost. Relays, on the other hand, are sometimes highly costly to operate.

Merged Consensus
: A relay chain is used in this technique to provide two-way interoperability between chains. To guarantee a merged consensus, you must construct the chain from the ground up.

Federations: Federations can be used by a small number of trustworthy persons to validate the occurrences of one chain on another. Federations are strong, but they require a third party's confidence. That is its primary flaw since it undermines the decentralization of blockchain.

3. Challenges Faced By Cross-Chain Systems
Difference of trust: Despite the importance of interoperability, cross-chain systems or solutions face the 'difference of trust' problem. Every blockchain ledger has a different trust system. Some have 1000 miners backing them, while others have only five. Transferring data from a less trustworthy ledger to a more trustworthy ledger might expose the latter to third-party tampering and other inconsistencies.

Transaction rate bottlenecks: Another possible technological problem is 'Transaction rate bottlenecks,' which might hamper large-scale blockchain interoperability by blocking one chain's throughput capacity when it receives transactions from several chains.

Interoperability is required for blockchain to be used across several sectors. Interoperability is required for more than merely exchanging crypto assets between blockchains. However, it must now make it easier to share other types of data, such as health records, supply chain records, certifications, and so on. Solutions like cross-chain integration are still in the early stages of development, but they are a promising indicator of a future with more robust blockchain interoperability solutions.

Source - Byo24News