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WATCH LIVE UPDATES: Zimbabwe election petition

by Staff reporter
22 Aug 2018 at 08:44hrs | Views
All eyes are on Zimbabwe as the country's Constitutional Court hears the petition lodged by opposition leader Nelson Chamisa in his bid to overturn President Emmerson Mnangagwa's victory in the July 30 elections.

Get the live updates here



  • 22 Aug 2018 at 18:05hrs

    This marks the end of the live updates from the Constitutional Court of Zimbabwe

  • 22 Aug 2018 at 18:05hrs

    The court reserves judgement to 14:00 on August 24, 2018

  • 22 Aug 2018 at 18:04hrs

    Mpofu is told by the Chief Justice that his time is up

  • 22 Aug 2018 at 18:04hrs

    The validity of the election must be set aside by ZEC's own admission that it is not sure of the figures that the first respondent garnered

  • 22 Aug 2018 at 18:04hrs

    If Mnangagwa claims to have won the election he should give us the figure, says Mpofu

  • 22 Aug 2018 at 18:04hrs

    ZEC has not denied that unaccounted votes came from non existent polling stations, says Mpofu

  • 22 Aug 2018 at 18:04hrs

    Mpofu: The results announced in Mbire and Rushinga do not tally and some 40 000 parliamentary votes are not accounted for

  • 22 Aug 2018 at 18:03hrs

    Mpofu: ZEC changed its results before any application was brought before the court and also changed the results after the application has been filed, therefore, it cannot be said to be true that ZEC changed its results in response to the election.

    The law requires that results to be announced should be final. Results that were changed three times in two weeks cannot be said to reflect a credible election

  • 22 Aug 2018 at 18:03hrs

    Mpofu says the lodging of the application was done on time and the sheriff was given papers on time to serve the respondents

  • 22 Aug 2018 at 18:03hrs

    We rely clearly on the analysis of the expert so the first respondent to say the expert only knows about fish when Dr Outumba gave evidence in the Raila Odinga court case is totally unacceptable, says Mpofu

  • 22 Aug 2018 at 18:03hrs

    The number of teachers referred to were by unions who approached the courts and got an order so the number can be accounted for

  • 22 Aug 2018 at 18:03hrs

    ZEC must be satisfied that there is a winning candidate so it must be satisfied that there is candidate who has 50% plus one vote to be declared winner, says Mpofu

  • 22 Aug 2018 at 18:03hrs

    The application has taken ZEC figures and voters roll and shown the inaccuracy of the results announced, says Mpofu

  • 22 Aug 2018 at 18:00hrs

    There is a mathematical challenge and when ZEC starts revising its own figures the presumption of irregularities fall away and become fact that results are not genuine therefore the result must be set aside

  • 22 Aug 2018 at 17:59hrs

    Mpofu says Mnangagwa is so scared to deal with the applicant's case

  • 22 Aug 2018 at 17:59hrs

    Advocate Thabani Mpofu says he wants 20 minutes to reply

  • 22 Aug 2018 at 17:59hrs

    Chamisa's attorney now replying

  • 22 Aug 2018 at 17:59hrs

    Asked by judge Rita Makarau why there is a difference between presidential and parliamentary votes cast, Kanengoni says voters are not obliged to vote in all elections for the president, member of parliament and councilor

  • 22 Aug 2018 at 17:59hrs

    Kanengoni says all the V11 forms were signed by all the party agents at the respective polling stations

  • 22 Aug 2018 at 17:58hrs

    Kanengoni replies that it did happen but they only took two samples that are backed by V11 forms

  • 22 Aug 2018 at 17:58hrs

    But judge Chiweshe says they were 16 as alluded to by Chamisa's attorney

  • 22 Aug 2018 at 17:44hrs

  • 22 Aug 2018 at 17:15hrs

    Kanengoni admits that there were similar returns at two polling stations but argues that the stations are in different areas

  • 22 Aug 2018 at 17:15hrs

    The first respondent won the application, says Kanengoni. The applicant did not ask for a recount within the stipulated and we have to rely on figures released by the ZEC

  • 22 Aug 2018 at 17:15hrs

    Kanengoni replies that upon receipt of the data, ZEC subjected the data to analysis and recorded a variance of 0.1% and that does not change the result of the election

  • 22 Aug 2018 at 17:14hrs

    The Chief Justice asks why the ZEC abandoned figures that it initially announced

  • 22 Aug 2018 at 17:02hrs

    No police officer has come before the court with an affidavit to say that I was disenfranchised of my right to vote through postal voting, adds Kanengoni

  • 22 Aug 2018 at 17:02hrs

    The wearing of the scarf by the electoral commission chief way before the sitting of the nomination court cannot be used as evidence to say that there was bias on the part of the electoral commission chief, says Kanengoni

  • 22 Aug 2018 at 16:57hrs

    "The commission has not been changing the results of the election. A proper analysis of the election cannot be done through samples but can only be made through real data therefore the election result should not be overturned because there is no basis to do that," says Kanengoni

  • 22 Aug 2018 at 16:57hrs

    There is only a variance of 0.1% of the results announced and that does not change the validity of the elections, says Kanengoni.

  • 22 Aug 2018 at 16:56hrs

    The allegation that there were many assisted voters is not linked in any way to the result of the election. In any case ZEC's role was only to facilitate that everyone cast his or her vote, says Kanengoni

  • 22 Aug 2018 at 16:51hrs

    The V11 forms were also signed by all polling agents including MDC Alliance agents, says Kanengoni

  • 22 Aug 2018 at 16:41hrs

    Kanengoni: We have put the complete V11 form as opposed to what the applicant says was an incomplete V11

  • 22 Aug 2018 at 16:40hrs

    Kanengoni: The affidavit of Joseph Madzudzo that alleges that there was forging of figures on V11s was dealt with in papers before the court as opposed to what the applicant's lawyers said in their submissions

  • 22 Aug 2018 at 16:38hrs

    Kanengoni: The applicant did not provide the V11 forms which is the primary data. The onus is on the applicant to prove any over voting in order to debunk what was announced by ZEC

  • 22 Aug 2018 at 16:38hrs

    Kanengoni: There is no particularity on how the alleged rigging took place. The applicant did not attach any evidence to substantiate his claims

  • 22 Aug 2018 at 16:30hrs

    We don’t know how the applicant compiled his data but the Zimbabwe Electoral Commission is convinced that there is no polling station where there was some over-voting, says the ZEC lawyer

  • 22 Aug 2018 at 16:30hrs

    There is no discrepancy between what was announced and the voter turnout, says Kanengoni

  • 22 Aug 2018 at 16:30hrs

    ZEC did make provisions for people who wanted to be ZEC officials on Election Day to vote, therefore, the 40 000 figure is out, says Kanengoni

  • 22 Aug 2018 at 16:29hrs

    It is not known who the 40 000 teachers referred would have voted for, argues Kanengoni

  • 22 Aug 2018 at 16:29hrs

    Kanengoni: There is no indication that all the teachers who were deployed as election officials were registered, says Kanengoni

  • 22 Aug 2018 at 16:29hrs

    The only variance is the total figure, says Kanengoni

  • 22 Aug 2018 at 16:29hrs

    The figures presented by Chamisa showing a variance of figures has been mischaracterised by the applicant

  • 22 Aug 2018 at 16:28hrs

    The ZEC attorney says Chamisa's lawyers filed an incomplete application with missing papers

  • 22 Aug 2018 at 16:28hrs

    Kanengoni says the applicant tried to serve papers on the 10th of August without the assistance of the sheriff

  • 22 Aug 2018 at 16:28hrs

    Kanengoni: The definition of of lodging refers to the filing and serving of papers through the sheriff by an applicant, therefore, the applicant cannot deny that he filed his papers out of time

  • 22 Aug 2018 at 16:27hrs

    ZEC lawyers now arguing

  • 22 Aug 2018 at 16:27hrs

    Tawanda Kanengoni is the lead ZEC lawyer

  • 22 Aug 2018 at 15:52hrs

    Court adjourns for 10 minutes

  • 22 Aug 2018 at 15:51hrs

    Uriri cites the American presidential vote count to defend ZEC's revision of numbers

  • 22 Aug 2018 at 15:51hrs

    The law in Zimbabwe allows voters to be assisted by people of their choice and there is proof of coercion, says Uriri

  • 22 Aug 2018 at 15:50hrs

    It is our prayer that this case be dismissed because at the end of this hearing no one knows how many votes should be subtracted from the first respondent as no proper grounds have been established by the applicant, say Magwaliba

  • 22 Aug 2018 at 15:50hrs

    Magwaliba: The application was not served within the proper period of 7 days as stipulated by the law. Lodging an application and serving of papers to respondents should be done within those 7 days but the applicant chooses to blame the sheriff

  • 22 Aug 2018 at 15:50hrs

    Allegations of bribery referred to in the heads of arguments have not been established, says Magwaliba

  • 22 Aug 2018 at 15:50hrs

    Dr Outumba is not a neutral expert whose evidence should be disregarded, says Magwaliba

  • 22 Aug 2018 at 15:50hrs

    No one knows whether 40 000 teachers were disenfranchised of their rights to vote as no one approached the courts to complain, says Magwaliba

  • 22 Aug 2018 at 15:49hrs

    The applicant does not say how many votes he lost as a result of the design of the ballot papers, says Magwaliba

  • 22 Aug 2018 at 15:49hrs

    Magwaliba: The applicant does not deny that all parties were given sample ballots during multi-party liaison committee meetings

  • 22 Aug 2018 at 15:25hrs

    It is our prayer that this case be dismissed because at the end of this hearing no one knows how many votes should be subtracted from the first respondent as no proper grounds have been established by the applicant, say Magwaliba

  • 22 Aug 2018 at 15:25hrs

    Magwaliba: The application was not served within the proper period of 7 days as stipulated by the law. Lodging an application and serving of papers to respondents should be done within those 7 days but the applicant chooses to blame the sheriff

  • 22 Aug 2018 at 15:20hrs

    Allegations of bribery referred to in the heads of arguments have not been established, says Magwaliba

  • 22 Aug 2018 at 15:20hrs

    The fish expert, Dr Outumba is not a neutral expert whose evidence should be disregarded, says Magwaliba

  • 22 Aug 2018 at 15:18hrs

    No one knows whether 40 000 teachers were disenfranchised of their rights to vote as no one approached the courts to complain, says Magwaliba

  • 22 Aug 2018 at 15:17hrs

    No one knows whether 40 000 teachers were disenfranchised of their rights to vote as no one approached the courts to complain, says Magwaliba

  • 22 Aug 2018 at 15:17hrs

    The applicant does not say how many votes he lost as a result of the design of the ballot papers, says Magwaliba

  • 22 Aug 2018 at 15:17hrs

    Magwaliba: The applicant does not deny that all parties were given sample ballots during multi-party liaison committee meetings

  • 22 Aug 2018 at 15:14hrs

    The applicant did not audit the voters roll, adds Magwaliba

  • 22 Aug 2018 at 15:14hrs

    The electoral playing field was very even, says Magwaliba

  • 22 Aug 2018 at 15:13hrs

    ZEC denies that it gave any phone numbers to the ruling party and first respondent, says Magwaliba

  • 22 Aug 2018 at 15:13hrs

    No evidence led by applicant to suggest that some unnamed traditional leaders marshaled villagers to polling stations, says Magwaliba

  • 22 Aug 2018 at 15:13hrs

    The applicant did not write any single letter to the state media complaining of a skewed media coverage, says Magwaliba

  • 22 Aug 2018 at 15:13hrs

    Magwaliba says the averments cannot stand because the affidavit referred to by Mpofu deposed by Magunje was not served on ZEC

  • 22 Aug 2018 at 15:12hrs

    The only admissible figures are those that have been produced by ZEC which translate to 50.67% in favour of President Mnangagwa, says Uriri before deferring proceedings to his colleague Magwaliba

  • 22 Aug 2018 at 15:02hrs

  • 22 Aug 2018 at 15:01hrs

    You need direct evidence to set aside the poll results, say Uriri

  • 22 Aug 2018 at 15:01hrs

    The voter turnout as declared by ZEC was 85.1% and that accounts for the 700 000 votes alluded to by the applicant, argues Uriri

  • 22 Aug 2018 at 15:00hrs

    Uriri: The integrity of Chamisa's figures cannot be vouched for and they have been created as they did not originate from the official keeper of those figures

  • 22 Aug 2018 at 14:57hrs

    The voter turnout as declared by ZEC was 85.1% and that accounts for the 700 000 votes alluded to by the applicant, argues Uriri

  • 22 Aug 2018 at 14:57hrs

    Uriri: The integrity of Chamisa's figures cannot be vouched for and they have been created as they did not originate from the official keeper of those figures

  • 22 Aug 2018 at 14:57hrs

    Uriri: What materials did he use and where did he get those materials

  • 22 Aug 2018 at 14:53hrs

    Advocate Uriri posits that "The point we are making is that the primary evidence of the actual votes cast is available and it is preserved by operation of law,"

  • 22 Aug 2018 at 14:53hrs

    Advocate Uriri says Chamisa's lawyer is relying on some '4th bundle of evidence,' which has not been placed before the court.

  • 22 Aug 2018 at 14:52hrs

  • 22 Aug 2018 at 14:51hrs

    Where does the applicant get the figures when he has not approached the keepers of those figures and source documents, says Uriri

  • 22 Aug 2018 at 14:51hrs

    Evidence of ballot papers to each polling station and the number of ballot papers used at each polling are also available, says Uriri

  • 22 Aug 2018 at 14:50hrs

    Uriri: The evidence of electoral residue is still available

  • 22 Aug 2018 at 14:50hrs

    Chamisa should have applied to the electoral court to unseal the election residue within 48 hours as stipulated by the law, says Uriri

  • 22 Aug 2018 at 14:50hrs

    The applicant must bring to court the object that is alleged to be primary source of the allegations of voter fraud, says Uriri

  • 22 Aug 2018 at 14:49hrs

    Mnangagwa's lawyer Uriri says the application is improperly before the court as the documents were not properly served on Mnangagwa

  • 22 Aug 2018 at 14:49hrs

  • 22 Aug 2018 at 14:48hrs

    Court session has resumed and Mnangagwa's lawyer Lewis Uriri takes to the stand to oppose the Chamisa submissions.

  • 22 Aug 2018 at 10:01hrs

    United Democratic Alliance leader, Shumba takes to the stage

  • 22 Aug 2018 at 10:01hrs

    United Democratic Alliance leader, Shumba takes to the stage

  • 22 Aug 2018 at 10:00hrs

    Justice Makarau says the respondent could have filed papers as a co-applicant

  • 22 Aug 2018 at 09:58hrs

    Manyika's attorney insists that her client must be heard

  • 22 Aug 2018 at 09:57hrs

    The lawyer says Manyika supports Chamisa's application that the July 30 election is invalid but differs on remedies. Manyika is against remedies suggested by Chamisa

  • 22 Aug 2018 at 09:55hrs

    Chief Justice Luke Malaba says the law is very clear that an aggrieved candidate in an election has a right to challenge the results within seven days which the respondent should have done within the stipulated period

  • 22 Aug 2018 at 09:47hrs

    "The court cannot close the door for cited respondents to make submissions in a case that they have an interest in."

  • 22 Aug 2018 at 09:46hrs

    Lawyers representing one of the independent presidential candidates say all those who have been cited have an interest in the case and should be allowed to respond because the respondent has an interest in the case

  • 22 Aug 2018 at 09:20hrs

  • CJ Luke Malaba in charge

    22 Aug 2018 at 09:19hrs

    Chief Justice Luke Malaba spells out how the Constitutional Court hearing will proceed. There are 4 categories of participants: applicant, respondents opposing, respondents supporting, and those who want to be excused.

  • Mnangagwa's Twitter account is not active for now

    22 Aug 2018 at 09:16hrs

  • Dali Mpofu explaining their predicament (outside court)

    22 Aug 2018 at 09:14hrs

  • 22 Aug 2018 at 09:13hrs

  • 22 Aug 2018 at 09:12hrs

    Chamisa's South African lawyers have finally been allowed into the Constitutional Court. It's not clear whether they'll be allowed to represent him.

  • Chamisa files urgent High Court application

    22 Aug 2018 at 09:02hrs

    Chamisa's local lawyers have just filed an urgent application at the High Court challenging the decision by the justice ministry to bar top lawyers from South Africa, including Dali Mpofu, from practicing in Zimbabwe.

  • 22 Aug 2018 at 09:01hrs

    The situation outside the Constitutional Court in Harare right now.

  • Dali Mpofu Finally allowed in but not sure they will be allowed

    22 Aug 2018 at 09:00hrs

  • 22 Aug 2018 at 09:00hrs

    One of the MDC Alliance lawyers arriving at the Constitutional Court. (Picture: Frank Chikowore, News24)

  • 22 Aug 2018 at 08:58hrs

    MDC Alliance lawyers arriving at the Constitutional Court, as tweeted by Al Jazeera's Haru Mutasa.

  • Chinamasa arrives

    22 Aug 2018 at 08:58hrs

  • 22 Aug 2018 at 08:58hrs

    Al Jazeera journalist Haru Mutasa says the media has been barred from bringing phones and other recording devices into the constitutional court. Journalists are only allowed to to bring in notebooks and pens.

  • 22 Aug 2018 at 08:57hrs

    Nelson Chamisa's South African advocates Tembeka Ngcukaitobi and Dali Mpofu have arrived at the Constitutional Court

  • Negotiations underway to let them in

    22 Aug 2018 at 08:57hrs

  • Today's front pages

    22 Aug 2018 at 08:56hrs

  • 22 Aug 2018 at 08:55hrs

    There is tight security in Zimbabwe's capital on Wednesday as the Constitutional Court is set to hear the main opposition party's challenge to the results of last month's historic presidential election.

    Police have barricaded the roads around the court in central Harare as tensions have risen ahead of the crucial court case which will decide if the election of President Emmerson Mnangagwa is valid.

    The opposition claims the vote had "gross mathematical errors" and it seeks a fresh election or a declaration that its candidate Nelson Chamisa is the winner of the July 30 vote. - AP

  • Qhubani Moyo arrives at ConCourt

    22 Aug 2018 at 08:55hrs

  • 22 Aug 2018 at 08:54hrs

    Biti has also arrived at the Constitutional Court.

  • Judges in the house!!!

    22 Aug 2018 at 08:53hrs

    Some judges arrive at the Constitutional Court in Harare ahead of the high-stakes election petition hearing.

  • Mangwana also arrives

    22 Aug 2018 at 08:52hrs

    One of the President Emmerson Mnangagwa's lawyers, Munyaradzi Paul Mangwana has also arrived at the Constitutional court.

  • Chigumba arrrives at Con-Court

    22 Aug 2018 at 08:51hrs

    The arrival of Zimbabwe's Electoral Commission chairperson Priscilla Chigumba chairpeson at the Constitutional Court in Harare

  • 22 Aug 2018 at 08:51hrs

  • 22 Aug 2018 at 08:50hrs

    Many on social media say that Zimbabwe's Constitutional Court is on trial today to demonstrate impartiality.

  • 22 Aug 2018 at 08:50hrs

    Zimbabwe's fate lies with nine Constitutional Court judges, who will preside over the matter which will decide on who will lead Zimbabwe for the next five years.

    Chief Justice Luke Malaba will lead a cast of eight judges picked from the 14 Supreme Court judges. These include Deputy Chief Justice Elizabeth Gwaunza, former Zimbabwe Electoral Commission (Zec) chairperson Justice Rita Makarau, Justices Paddington Garwe, Chinembiri Bhunu, Baratkumar Patel, Ben Hlatshwayo, Tendai Uchena and Lavender Makoni.

  • Police ban electronic gadgets

    22 Aug 2018 at 08:49hrs

    The Zimbabwe police have banned the carrying of cell phones and other electronic gadgets into the Constitutional Court (ConCourt) premises.

    "The Zimbabwe Republic Police wishes to inform the nation that people who will be attending the Constitutional Court on the 22-23 August 2018 will not be allowed to carry electronic gadgets like cell phones, laptops, cameras or other recording devices," police spokesperson Senior Assistant Commissioner Charity Charamba is quoted as saying in a statement.

    "To avoid unnecessary delays please leave these items elsewhere. Only accredited individuals will be allowed access to the Constitutional Court premises. "We kindly request cooperation with law enforcement agents in that regard."

  • 22 Aug 2018 at 08:49hrs

    SABC is reporting that the Zimbabwe police are on high alert ahead of the election court bid.

    The report says that all Zimbabwean police have been recalled from leave to be deployed outside the Constitutional Court and around the country.

    See the SABC tweet below

  • 22 Aug 2018 at 08:48hrs

  • 22 Aug 2018 at 08:47hrs

    Reports on social media indicate that Chamisa's SA lawyers have arrived in the country for the petition.

    Watch the video below in which Chamisa's spokesperson Nkululekop Sibanda says the lawyers have been accredited to be in court... "an that's all that matters".

  • 22 Aug 2018 at 08:47hrs

    Zimbabwe’s justice minister indicated this week that applications by Nelson Chamisa’s South African lawyers to appear in Harare’s Constitutional Court arrived late and didn’t have supporting documents.

    Ziyambi Ziyambi told state ZBC radio on Monday that the applications arrived after he’d already left his office on Friday. He said he’d written to the lawyers to get them to send the information on Monday, but had only received documents for one of the lawyers – Advocate Jeremy Gauntlett.

    But Chamisa’s spokesperson, Nkululeko Sibanda, played down the issue of the South Africans not getting permits.

    “When we were talking to them we were clearly aware that the chances of them being allowed to operate in the country were very slim,” he told News24.

    He said the MDC Alliance had hired the lawyers for their expertise and not necessarily to argue the case before the court.“The brains and expertise don’t need a visa to operate in the country,” he added.

  • 22 Aug 2018 at 08:47hrs

    International monitors largely praised the conduct of the election itself, although EU observers said that Mnangagwa, a former long-time Mugabe ally, benefited from an "un-level playing field".

    The court could declare a winner, call another election, or order a run-off or recount.

    The inauguration should take place within 48 hours of the court's ruling, according to the constitution. - AFP

  • 22 Aug 2018 at 08:46hrs

    Derek Matyszak, a legal expert at the University of Zimbabwe, says the opposition faces an uphill struggle given the courts' historic tilt towards Zanu-PF, which has ruled since independence from British colonial rule in 1980.

    "The outcome is pretty predictable," Matyszak said. "There is absolutely no chance of the election results being overturned.

    "The judiciary (is) perceived to be partisan. Once the ruling is made, Chamisa will accuse it of bias and try to make political capital out of it."

    The MDC's appeal, which was lodged hours before the deadline on August 10, has already forced Mnangagwa's inauguration - planned for August 12 - to be postponed. - AFP

  • 22 Aug 2018 at 08:46hrs

    Senior Zanu-PF legal representative Patrick Chinamasa has ridiculed the MDC's legal bid.

    "Just as you cannot give life to a dead horse, even the best lawyers in the world cannot give life to a hopeless case," he said in a statement.

    "To those who voted for Chamisa, I ask you to gracefully accept defeat so that the country can move on."

    The MDC has cited a catalogue of irregularities and discrepancies including more people voting at some polling stations than were registered.

    The case, presided over by nine judges at the country's top court, will be broadcast live on state television. A ruling is expected by Friday. - AFP

  • Here is what you need to know about the election petition - according to AFP

    22 Aug 2018 at 08:46hrs

    Zimbabwe's Constitutional Court will Wednesday hear an opposition petition seeking to overturn the presidential election result, in a legal challenge seen as unlikely to succeed despite allegations of vote fraud.

    The Movement for Democratic Change (MDC) has accused the ruling Zanu-PF party and the election commission of rigging the July 30 vote, Zimbabwe's first poll since the ousting of Robert Mugabe last year.

    Mugabe's successor, Emmerson Mnangagwa, won with 50.8% of the vote - just enough to avoid a run-off against the MDC's Nelson Chamisa, who scored 44.3%.

    "We have a very strong case and we are going to reverse the electoral fraud," Chamisa told reporters this week.

    "We are going to defend your vote, our vote, the people's vote. We have no doubt that victory is certain."

    Mnangagwa, who has vowed to turn around Zimbabwe's ruined economy, hoped the elections would draw a line under Mugabe's repressive 37-year rule.

    The election campaign was more open than previous votes, but was marred by the army opening fire on protesters, killing six, allegations of vote-rigging and a crackdown on opposition activists.

    "I won the court case before it began," Mnangagwa said on the sidelines of a regional summit in Namibia at the weekend.

    "It's declared free and fair... why would I ever think that I will lose?"

  • 22 Aug 2018 at 08:45hrs

    The Africa Judges and Jurists Forum (AJJF) has dispatched senior judges and jurists to observe the court challenge.

    "The Africa Judges and Jurists Forum will be represented by secretary-general Martin Masiga from Uganda, Retired Chief Justice Earnest Sakala of Zambia and Justice Isaac Lenaola from the Supreme Court of Kenya," Arnold Tsunga, Africa director at International Commission of Jurists is quoted as saying.

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